0079 - Mount Vesuvius erupted killing approximately 20,000 people. The cities of Pompeii, Stabiae and Herculaneum were buried in volcanic ash.
1867 - Johns Hopkins died. The railroad millionaire left $7.5 million in his will for the founding of a new medical school in his name.
1869 - A patent for the waffle iron was received by Cornelius Swarthout.
1932 - Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly across the U.S. non-stop. The trip from Los Angeles, CA to Newark, NJ, took about 19 hours.
1968 - France became the 5th thermonuclear power when they exploded a hydrogen bomb in the South Pacific.
1975 - Davey Lopes of the Los Angeles Dodgers set a major league baseball record when he stole his 38th consecutive base.
1979 - "I Wanna Be Your Lover" by Prince was released. It was his first U.S. hit.
1981 - Mark David Chapman was sentenced to 20 years to life in prison for the murder of John Lennon.
1989 - Pete Rose, the manager of the Cincinnati Reds, was banned from baseball for life after being accused of gambling on baseball.