1836 - Texas declared its independence from Mexico and an ad interim government was formed.
1897 - U.S. President Cleveland vetoed legislation that would have required a literacy test for immigrants entering the country.
1923 - TIME appeared on newsstands for the first time.
1929 - The U.S. Court of Customs & Patent Appeals was created by the U.S. Congress.
1962 - Wilt 'The Stilt' Chamberlain scored 100 points against the New York Knicks 169-147. Chamberlain broke several NBA records in the game.
1964 - "Twist and Shout" by the Beatles was released in the U.S.
1974 - Postage stamps jumped from 8 to 10 cents for first-class mail.
1998 - Images from the American spacecraft Galileo indicated that the Jupiter moon Europa has a liquid ocean and a source of interior heat.