1715 - The first lighthouse in America was authorized for
construction at Little Brewster Island, Massachusetts.
1827 - The first swimming school in the U.S. opened in Boston,
1829 - William Burt patented the typographer, which was the first
1877 - The first municipal railroad passenger service began in
1886 - Steve Brodie, a New York saloonkeeper, claimed to have
made a daredevil plunge from the Brooklyn Bridge into the
1904 - The ice cream cone was invented by Charles E. Menches
during the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, MO.
1914 - Austria-Hungary issued an ultimatum to Serbia following
the killing of Archduke Francis Ferdinand by a Serb
assassin. The dispute led to World War I.
1938 - The first federal game preserve was approved by the U.S.
Fish and Wildlife Service. The area was 2,000 acres in
1945 - The first passenger train observation car was placed in
service by the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad.
1952 - Egyptian military officers led by Gamal Abdel Nasser
overthrew King Farouk I.
1954 - A law is passed that states that "The Secretary of the Navy is authorized to repair, equip, and restore the United States Ship Constitution, as far as may be practicable, to her original appearance, but not for active service, and thereafter to maintain the United States Ship Constitution at Boston, Massachusetts."
1958 - The submarine Nautilus departed from Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, under orders to conduct "Operation Sunshine." The mission was to be the first vessel to cross the north pole by ship. The Nautils achieved the goal on August 3, 1958.
1962 - The "Telstar" communications satellite sent the first
live TV broadcast to Europe.
1972 - Eddie Merckx of Belgium won his fourth consecutive Tour de France bicycling competition.
1972 - The U.S. launched Landsat 1 (ERTS-1). It was the first Earth-resources satellite.
1984 - Miss America, Vanessa Williams, turned in her crown after
it had been discovered that nude photos of her had appeared
in "Penthouse" magazine. She was the first to resign the
1986 - Britain's Prince Andrew married Sarah Ferguson at
Westminster Abbey in London. They divorced in 1996.
1998 - U.S. scientists at the University of Hawaii turned out
more than 50 "carbon-copy" mice, with a cloning technique.
2000 - Lance Armstrong won his second Tour de France.