Today is Saturday, July 4, 2020

Today in
U.S. Civil War History

1861 - U.S. President Lincoln, in a speech to Congress, stated the war is..."a People's contest... a struggle for maintaining in the world, that form, and substance of government, whose leading object is, to elevate the condition of men..."

1861 - The U.S. Congress authorized a call for 500,000 men.

1863 - In Vicksburg, the Confederates surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant and the Army of the West after a six week siege. The Union victory brought control of the Mississippi River and split the Confederacy in two.

1863 - General Lee began to withdraw his forces to Virginia. Lee did not threaten Northern territory again.

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U.S. Civil War Quotes

"We can not have free government without elections; and if the rebellion could force us to forego, or postpone a national election, it might fairly claim to have already conquered and ruined us."
- Abraham Lincoln on holding elections during a military emergency.