November 23


1765 - Frederick County, MD, repudiated the British Stamp Act.

1835 - Henry Burden patented the horseshoe manufacturing machine.

1889 - The first jukebox made its debut in San Francisco, at the Palais Royale Saloon.

1890 - Princess Wilhelmina became Queen of the Netherlands at the age of 10 when her father William III died.

1936 - The first edition of "Life" was published.

1943 - During World War II, U.S. forces seized control of Tarawa and Makin from the Japanese during the Central Pacific offensive in the Gilbert Islands.

1945 - The U.S. wartime rationing of most foods ended.

1948 - Dr. Frank G. Back patented the "Zoomar" lens.

1946 - Mound Metalcraft changed its name to Tonka Toys Incorporated.

1961 - The Dominican Republic changed the name of its capital from Ciudad Trujillo to Santo Domingo.

1964 - In Fort Lauderdale, FL, the International Swimming Hall of Fame was founded.

1971 - The People's Republic of China was seated in the United Nations Security Council.

1979 - In Dublin, Ireland, Thomas McMahon was sentenced to life imprisonment for the assassination of Earl Mountbatten.

1980 - In southern Italy, approximately 4,800 people were killed in a series of earthquakes.

1983 - The first Pershing II missiles were deployed in West Germany. In response, the U.S.S.R. broke off International Nuclear Forces (INF) talks in Geneva.

1985 - Larry Wu-tai Chin, a retired CIA analyst, was arrested and accused of spying for China. He committed suicide a year after his conviction.

1985 - Gunmen hijacked an Egyptian jetliner en route from Athens to Cairo. The plane was forced to land in Malta.

1986 - In Manila, President Aquino dismissed Defense Minister Enrile.

1988 - Wayne Gretzky scored his 600th National Hockey League (NHL) goal.

1989 - Lucia Barrera de Cerna, a housekeeper who claimed she had witnessed the slaying of six Jesuit priests and two other people at the Jose Simeon Canas University in El Salvador, was flown to the U.S.

1991 - Yugoslavia's rival leaders agreed to a new cease-fire, the 14th of the Balkan civil war.

1991 - The Sacramento Kings ended the NBA's longest road losing streak at 43 games.

1992 - The play "Someone Who'll Watch Over Me" opened.

1994 - About 111 people, mostly women and children, were killed in a stampede after Indian police baton-charged tribal protesters in the western city of Nagpur.

1995 - Charles Rathbun, free-lance photographer, was booked in Hermosa Beach, CA, for investigation of murder in the disappearance of model Linda Sobek. He was later convicted.

1998 - Dennis Rodman filed for an annulment from Carmen Electra. The two had been married on November 14, 1998.

1998 - The tobacco industry signed the biggest U.S. civil settlement. It was a $206-billion deal to resolve remaining state claims for treating sick smokers.

1998 - A U.S. federal judge rejected a Virginia county's effort to block pornography on library computer calling the attempt unconstitutional.

2001 - A crowd of 87,555 people watched the Texas Longhorns beat the Texas A&M Aggies 21-7. The crowd was the largest to see a football game in Texas.

2010 - North Korea shelled Yeonpyeong Island.

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